Yalta Agreement Poland

In the late 1920s and early 1930s, a complex series of alliances were formed between the nations of Europe, hoping to prevent future wars (with Germany or the Soviet Union). With the rise of National Socialism in Germany, this alliance system was strengthened by the signing of a series of “mutual assistance alliances” between France, Great Britain and Poland (Franco-Polish Alliance). This agreement stipulated that in the event of war, the other Allies had to fully mobilize and conduct a “ground intervention within two weeks” to support the attacked ally. [21] [22] [23] The Anglo-Polish agreement stipulates that in the event of hostilities with a European power, the other party would provide “all the support and assistance in its power”. [24] Churchill defended his actions in Kanta during a three-day parliamentary debate beginning on February 27, which ended with a vote of confidence. During the debate, many MEPs criticised Churchill and expressed deep reservations about Kanta and their support for Poland, with 25 of them drafting an amendment to the agreement. [22] However, it was no secret to the Allies that before his death in July 1943, General Władysław Sikorski, Prime Minister of the London-based Polish government-in-exile, had been the author and not Stalin of the concept of moving the Polish borders westward along an Oder-Neisse line in compensation for the abandonment of eastern Polish territories as part of a Polish rapprochement with the USSR. [37] Dr. Józef Retinger, who was Sikorski`s special political adviser at the time, also agreed with Sikorski`s concept of post-war polish borders, later Retinger wrote in his memoirs: “At the Tehran Conference in November 1943, the Big Three agreed that Poland in the West should receive territorial compensation in the West at the expense of Germany for the country it would lose to Russia in Europe. central and eastern. It seemed like a good deal. [38] Professor Kornat pointed out that the Von Yalta agreement “provided for a kind of free elections, but entrusted its organization to a government dominated by communists.” He noted that the Gleichta agreement was still “trampled underfoot and violated” by Stalin.

In a few cases, deliberate duplicity is alleged, with secret agreements or intentions allegedly contrary to publicly declared agreements. One example is Winston Churchill`s secret concordance with the USSR that the Atlantic Charter does not apply to the Baltic states. Given the strategic conditions of victory in the war, British Prime Minister Churchill and US President Franklin D. Roosevelt had no choice but to accept the requests of their former interrogation, says Soviet Prime Minister Joseph Stalin, at the conferences in Tehran, Kanta and Potsdam, retired AMERICAN diplomat Charles G. Stefan. [4] Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met from February 4 to 11 in the city of Kanta in Russian Crimea and each came to the conference with their own agendas. For Stalin, the main objectives were economic aid to Russia after the war and the recognition of a Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe by the United States and Britain. Churchill had the protection of the British Empire in mind, but also wanted to clarify Germany`s post-war status. Roosevelt`s goals included a consensus on the creation of the United Nations and Soviet approval to go to war with Japan once Hitler was defeated. None of them left Kanta completely satisfied. There was no final determination of financial assistance to Russia.

Many questions concerning Germany have been postponed for further discussion. .

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