Corfu Agreement

The Corfu Declaration was a formal agreement between the government-in-exile of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Yugoslav Committee (emigrants from southern South Africa) which committed itself to uniting Serbia with the southern territories of Austria and Hungary in a post-war Yugoslav state. It was signed on July 20, 1917 on the island of Corfu. The main persons responsible for drawing up the Corfu Declaration were Serbian Prime Minister Nikola Pasic and Croatian exile Ante Trumbic. The agreement was a triumph for the latter who had worked to convince Pasic`s Serbian government to support the idea of a Union of Croats, Slovenes and Slavs, an idea viewed with great suspicion by Pasic, who continued to be concerned with the mere expansion of Serbia through the territorial benefits of a defeated Austro-Hungarian empire. With the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the resulting withdrawal of Serbia`s main diplomatic champion, Trumbic insisted on the creation of a Yugoslavia. Under pressure, Pasic, with the agreement of the Corfu Declaration of July 1917, compromised, although he later worked behind the scenes to discredit the Yugoslav Committee, fearing that Allied governments would regard the Committee as the legitimate government in exile once the war was over. Representatives of both sides met for negotiations in Saranda, a coastal town in northern Epirus, but the final negotiations took place on the neighboring island of Corfu, Greece. [11] Finally, on May 17, 1914, the representatives of the North and Albania signed an agreement that met the main requirements of the Epirots and was known as the Corfu Protocol. [3] The Protocol is preceded by an agreement signed by the Commission:[12] The Albanian government, in agreement with the Commission, had the right to appoint and dismiss governors and senior officials, taking into account the demographic composition of local religious communities. [9] Other terms included the proportional recruitment of indigenous people into the local gendarmerie and the prohibition of military taxes on non-indigenous peoples in the region. . .


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