Here, the charterer hires both a crew and the ship. The plan is for them to travel, as the name suggests, between the unloading port and the loading port. The charterer pays the owner a price he has agreed for each tonne or package. On the other hand, the owner assumes responsibility for the costs borne by the ship in the ports, paying the crew and fuel costs. Because these industry standard forms do not offer as broad insurance coverage as many charterers would like, some marine insurance brokers have designed their own liability forms for their clients. A broker`s own form could omit some or all of the previous exclusions. Types of charter There are three basic types of boat chartering: travel charter, on-time chartering and cash chartering. In any event, the contract between the shipper (or charterer) and the shipowner is referred to as a “charter party.” With regard to shipping and chartering, it refers to the practice of shipowners using their vessels. The contract signed by the owner and the charterer is referred to as the charter party. Sometimes the person who hires the boat owns cargo, so he introduces a broker into the equation to find an option that moves the cargo at prices they can afford. This price is usually called freight rate. In the U.S. market are two standard insurance forms for charter liability insurance, SP-42A and SP-43A.
Chartering generally allows the charterer to order the chartered vessel at a port or berth for loading. However, most charter parties also have a safe/safe port clause, which states that the port or mooring chosen must be safe or allow the vessel to be “safely above water” at all times. If the vessel is damaged by an uncertain port state, against which the charterer does not notify the owner, the charterer may be held responsible for the resulting loss, which may include both physical damage to the vessel and the resulting loss of use. If the person leases the vessel for commercial purposes, other technical details are involved.